X-Frame-Options: ALLOW-FROM in firefox and chrome
I'm implementing a "pass-through" for X-Frame-Options to let a partner site wrap my employer's site in an iframe, as per this article: http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ieinternals/archive/2010/03/30/combating-clickjacking-with-x-frame-options.aspx
(splitting up URLS to post)
In a nutshell, our partner's page has an iframe with an URL against our domain. For any page in our domain, they'll add a special url argument like &@mykey=topleveldomain.com, telling us what the page's top level domain is.
Our filters pick up the partner TLD, if provided, from the URL, and validate it against a whitelist. If it's on the list, we ship the X-Frame-Options header with value ALLOW-FROM topleveldomain.com (and add a cookie for future clicks). If it's not on our whitelist, we ship SAMEORIGIN or DENY.
The problem is it looks like sending ALLOW-FROM domain results in a no-op overall for the latest Firefox and Google Chrome. IE8, at least, seems to be correctly implementing ALLOW-FROM.
Check out this page: http://www.enhanceie.com/test/clickjack. Right after the 5th (of 5) boxes that "should be showing content", is a box that should NOT be showing content, but which is. In this case, the page in the iframe is sending X-Frame-Options: ALLOW-FROM http://www.debugtheweb.com, a decidedly different TLD than http://www.enhanceie.com. Yet, the frame still displays content.
Any insight as to whether X-Frame-Options is truly implemented with ALLOW-FROM across relevant (desktop) browsers? Perhaps the syntax has changed?
Some links of interest:
- Draft rfc on x-frame-options: http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-gondrom-frame-options-01
- developer.mozilla article discussing the header as a 2-option header (sameorigin or deny). https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/X-Frame-Options
- msdn blog that initiated the whole thing: http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ie/archive/2009/01/27/ie8-security-part-vii-clickjacking-defenses.aspx
- msdn blog that talks about 3 values: adding allow-from origin http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ieinternals/archive/2010/03/30/combating-clickjacking-with-x-frame-options.aspx
ALLOW-FROM is not supported in Chrome or Safari. See MDN article: https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/X-Frame-Options
You are already doing the work to make a custom header and send it with the correct data, can you not just exclude the header when you detect it is from a valid partner and add DENY to every other request? I don't see the benefit of AllowFrom when you are already dynamically building the logic up?
I posted this question and never saw the feedback (which came in several months after, it seems :).
As Kinlan mentioned, ALLOW-FROM is not supported in all browsers as an X-Frame-Options value.
Hope this helps, and sorry for taking so long to close the loop!
For Chrome, instead of
response.AppendHeader("X-Frame-Options", "ALLOW-FROM " + host);
you need to add Content-Security-Policy
string selfAuth = System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Request.Url.Authority; string refAuth = System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Request.UrlReferrer.Authority; response.AppendHeader("Content-Security-Policy", "default-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline' 'unsafe-eval' data: *.msecnd.net vortex.data.microsoft.com " + selfAuth + " " + refAuth);
to the HTTP-response-headers. Note that this assumes you checked on the server whether or not refAuth is allowed. And also, note that you need to do browser-detection in order to avoid adding the allow-from header for Chrome (outputs error on console).
For details, see my answer here.