How do you unit test a JavaFX controller with JUnit

What's the proper way of initializing the JavaFX runtime so you can unit test (with JUnit) controllers that make use of the concurrency facilities and Platform.runLater(Runnable)?

Calling Application.launch(...) from the @BeforeClass method results in a dead lock. If Application.launch(...) is not called then the following error is thrown:

java.lang.IllegalStateException: Toolkit not initialized
    at com.sun.javafx.application.PlatformImpl.runLater(PlatformImpl.java:121)
    at com.sun.javafx.application.PlatformImpl.runLater(PlatformImpl.java:116)
    at javafx.application.Platform.runLater(Platform.java:52)
    at javafx.concurrent.Task.runLater(Task.java:1042)
    at javafx.concurrent.Task.updateMessage(Task.java:987)
    at com.xyz.AudioSegmentExtractor.call(AudioSegmentExtractor.java:64)
    at com.xyz.CompletionControllerTest.setUp(CompletionControllerTest.java:69)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:601)
    at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:44)
    at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:15)
    at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:41)
    at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunBefores.evaluate(RunBefores.java:27)
    at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:76)
    at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:50)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:193)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:52)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:191)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:42)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:184)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:236)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference.run(JUnit4TestReference.java:50)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution.run(TestExecution.java:38)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:467)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:683)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.run(RemoteTestRunner.java:390)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.main(RemoteTestRunner.java:197)

Followup: this is the motif I've been using based on recommendation by @SergeyGrinev.

... // Inside test class

public static class AsNonApp extends Application {
    @Override
    public void start(Stage primaryStage) throws Exception {
        // noop
    }
}

@BeforeClass
public static void initJFX() {
    Thread t = new Thread("JavaFX Init Thread") {
        public void run() {
            Application.launch(AsNonApp.class, new String[0]);
        }
    };
    t.setDaemon(true);
    t.start();
}
... // controller tests follow...

Answers


Calling launch() from @BeforeClass is a correct approach. Just note that launch() doesn't return control to calling code. So you have to wrap it into new Thread(...).start().


I found this to work,... but only after adding a Thread.sleep(500) after starting the JavaFX application thread. Presumably it takes some time to get the FX environment up and ready (about 200ms on my MacBook Pro retina)

@BeforeClass
public static void setUpClass() throws InterruptedException {
    // Initialise Java FX

    System.out.printf("About to launch FX App\n");
    Thread t = new Thread("JavaFX Init Thread") {
        public void run() {
            Application.launch(AsNonApp.class, new String[0]);
        }
    };
    t.setDaemon(true);
    t.start();
    System.out.printf("FX App thread started\n");
    Thread.sleep(500);
}

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