Download attachment from Outlook and Open in Excel

I'm trying to download and then open an Excel spreadsheet attachment in an Outlook email using VBA in Excel. How can I:

  1. Download the one and only attachment from the first email (the newest email) in my Outlook inbox
  2. Save the attachment in a file with a specified path (eg: "C:...")
  3. Rename the attachment name with the: current date + previous file name
  4. Save the email into a different folder with a path like "C:..."
  5. Mark the email in Outlook as "read"
  6. Open the excel attachment in Excel

I also want to be able to save the following as individual strings assigned to individual variables:

  • Sender email Address
  • Date received
  • Date Sent
  • Subject
  • The message of the email

although this may be better to ask in a separate question / look for it myself.

The code I do have currently is from other forums online, and probably isn't very helpful. However, here are some bits and pieces I have been working on:

Sub SaveAttachments()
    Dim olFolder As Outlook.MAPIFolder
    Dim att As Outlook.Attachment
    Dim strFilePath As String
    Dim fsSaveFolder As String

    fsSaveFolder = "C:\test\"

    strFilePath = "C:\temp\"

    Set olFolder = Application.GetNamespace("MAPI").GetDefaultFolder(olFolderInbox)

    For Each msg In olFolder.Items
        While msg.Attachments.Count > 0
            bflag = False
            If Right$(msg.Attachments(1).Filename, 3) = "msg" Then
                bflag = True
                msg.Attachments(1).SaveAsFile strFilePath & strTmpMsg
                Set msg2 = Application.CreateItemFromTemplate(strFilePath & strTmpMsg)
            End If
            sSavePathFS = fsSaveFolder & msg2.Attachments(1).Filename


    End If
End Sub

Answers


I can give you the complete code in one go but that wouldn't help you learn from it ;) So let's Break up your requests and then we will tackle them 1 by 1. This is gonna be a very long post so be patient :)

There are total 5 parts which will cover all 7 (yes 7 and not 6) points so you don't have to create a new question for your 7th point.


PART - 1
  1. Creating a Connection to Outlook
  2. Checking if there is any unread email
  3. Retrieving details like Sender email Address, Date received, Date Sent, Subject, The message of the email

See this code example. I am latebinding with Outlook from Excel then checking if there are any unread items and if there are I am retrieving the relevant details.

Const olFolderInbox As Integer = 6

Sub ExtractFirstUnreadEmailDetails()
    Dim oOlAp As Object, oOlns As Object, oOlInb As Object
    Dim oOlItm As Object

    '~~> Outlook Variables for email
    Dim eSender As String, dtRecvd As String, dtSent As String
    Dim sSubj As String, sMsg As String

    '~~> Get Outlook instance
    Set oOlAp = GetObject(, "Outlook.application")
    Set oOlns = oOlAp.GetNamespace("MAPI")
    Set oOlInb = oOlns.GetDefaultFolder(olFolderInbox)

    '~~> Check if there are any actual unread emails
    If oOlInb.Items.Restrict("[UnRead] = True").Count = 0 Then
        MsgBox "NO Unread Email In Inbox"
        Exit Sub
    End If

    '~~> Store the relevant info in the variables
    For Each oOlItm In oOlInb.Items.Restrict("[UnRead] = True")
        eSender = oOlItm.SenderEmailAddress
        dtRecvd = oOlItm.ReceivedTime
        dtSent = oOlItm.CreationTime
        sSubj = oOlItm.Subject
        sMsg = oOlItm.Body
        Exit For
    Next

    Debug.Print eSender
    Debug.Print dtRecvd
    Debug.Print dtSent
    Debug.Print sSubj
    Debug.Print sMsg
End Sub

So that take care of your request which talks about storing details in the variables.


PART - 2

Now moving on to your next request

  1. Download the one and only attachment from the first email (the newest email) in my Outlook inbox
  2. Save the attachment in a file with a specified path (eg: "C:...")
  3. Rename the attachment name with the: current date + previous file name

See this code example. I am again latebinding with Outlook from Excel then checking if there are any unread items and if there are I am further checking if it has an attachment and if it has then download it to the relevant folder.

Const olFolderInbox As Integer = 6
'~~> Path for the attachment
Const AttachmentPath As String = "C:\"

Sub DownloadAttachmentFirstUnreadEmail()
    Dim oOlAp As Object, oOlns As Object, oOlInb As Object
    Dim oOlItm As Object, oOlAtch As Object

    '~~> New File Name for the attachment
    Dim NewFileName As String
    NewFileName = AttachmentPath & Format(Date, "DD-MM-YYYY") & "-"

    '~~> Get Outlook instance
    Set oOlAp = GetObject(, "Outlook.application")
    Set oOlns = oOlAp.GetNamespace("MAPI")
    Set oOlInb = oOlns.GetDefaultFolder(olFolderInbox)

    '~~> Check if there are any actual unread emails
    If oOlInb.Items.Restrict("[UnRead] = True").Count = 0 Then
        MsgBox "NO Unread Email In Inbox"
        Exit Sub
    End If

    '~~> Extract the attachment from the 1st unread email
    For Each oOlItm In oOlInb.Items.Restrict("[UnRead] = True")
        '~~> Check if the email actually has an attachment
        If oOlItm.Attachments.Count <> 0 Then
            For Each oOlAtch In oOlItm.Attachments
                '~~> Download the attachment
                oOlAtch.SaveAsFile NewFileName & oOlAtch.Filename
                Exit For
            Next
        Else
            MsgBox "The First item doesn't have an attachment"
        End If
        Exit For
    Next
 End Sub

PART - 3

Moving on to your next request

  1. Save the email into a different folder with a path like "C:..."

See this code example. This save the email to say C:\

Const olFolderInbox As Integer = 6
'~~> Path + Filename of the email for saving
Const sEmail As String = "C:\ExportedEmail.msg"

Sub SaveFirstUnreadEmail()
    Dim oOlAp As Object, oOlns As Object, oOlInb As Object
    Dim oOlItm As Object, oOlAtch As Object

    '~~> Get Outlook instance
    Set oOlAp = GetObject(, "Outlook.application")
    Set oOlns = oOlAp.GetNamespace("MAPI")
    Set oOlInb = oOlns.GetDefaultFolder(olFolderInbox)

    '~~> Check if there are any actual unread emails
    If oOlInb.Items.Restrict("[UnRead] = True").Count = 0 Then
        MsgBox "NO Unread Email In Inbox"
        Exit Sub
    End If

    '~~> Save the 1st unread email
    For Each oOlItm In oOlInb.Items.Restrict("[UnRead] = True")
        oOlItm.SaveAs sEmail, 3
        Exit For
    Next
End Sub

PART - 4

Moving on to your next request

  1. Mark the email in Outlook as "read"

See this code example. This will mark the email as read.

Const olFolderInbox As Integer = 6

Sub MarkAsUnread()
    Dim oOlAp As Object, oOlns As Object, oOlInb As Object
    Dim oOlItm As Object, oOlAtch As Object

    '~~> Get Outlook instance
    Set oOlAp = GetObject(, "Outlook.application")
    Set oOlns = oOlAp.GetNamespace("MAPI")
    Set oOlInb = oOlns.GetDefaultFolder(olFolderInbox)

    '~~> Check if there are any actual unread emails
    If oOlInb.Items.Restrict("[UnRead] = True").Count = 0 Then
        MsgBox "NO Unread Email In Inbox"
        Exit Sub
    End If

    '~~> Mark 1st unread email as read
    For Each oOlItm In oOlInb.Items.Restrict("[UnRead] = True")
        oOlItm.UnRead = False
        DoEvents
        oOlItm.Save
        Exit For
    Next
 End Sub

PART - 5

Moving on to your next request

  1. Open the excel attachment in excel

once you have downloaded the file/attachment as shown above then use that path in the below code to open the file.

Sub OpenExcelFile()
    Dim wb As Workbook

    '~~> FilePath is the file that we earlier downloaded
    Set wb = Workbooks.Open(FilePath)
End Sub

(Excel vba)

Thanks to Sid :) for your code(stolen your code) .. i had this situation today .Here is my code .below code saves attachement,mail also mail information ..All credits goes to Sid

Tested 

Sub mytry()
Dim olapp As Object
Dim olmapi As Object
Dim olmail As Object
Dim olitem As Object
Dim lrow As Integer
Dim olattach As Object
Dim str As String

Const num As Integer = 6
Const path As String = "C:\HP\"
Const emailpath As String = "C:\Dell\"
Const olFolderInbox As Integer = 6

Set olp = CreateObject("outlook.application")
Set olmapi = olp.getnamespace("MAPI")
Set olmail = olmapi.getdefaultfolder(num)

If olmail.items.restrict("[UNREAD]=True").Count = 0 Then

    MsgBox ("No Unread mails")

    Else

        For Each olitem In olmail.items.restrict("[UNREAD]=True")
            lrow = ActiveSheet.Range("A" & Rows.Count).End(xlUp).Row + 1

            Range("A" & lrow).Value = olitem.Subject
            Range("B" & lrow).Value = olitem.senderemailaddress
            Range("C" & lrow).Value = olitem.to
            Range("D" & lrow).Value = olitem.cc
            Range("E" & lrow).Value = olitem.body

            If olitem.attachments.Count <> 0 Then

                For Each olattach In olitem.attachments

                    olattach.SaveAsFile path & Format(Date, "MM-dd-yyyy") & olattach.Filename

                Next olattach

            End If
    str = olitem.Subject
    str = Replace(str, "/", "-")
    str = Replace(str, "|", "_")
    Debug.Print str
            olitem.SaveAs (emailpath & str & ".msg")
            olitem.unread = False
            DoEvents
            olitem.Save
        Next olitem

End If

ActiveSheet.Rows.WrapText = False

End Sub

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