F# error, Map including Dictionary

I have made a Map which includes several Dictionaries. Everytime I receive a data, I will find the corresponding dictionary in the Map, and then add new information in this dictionary. But the problem is every time I try to add information , it won't add it only in the corresponding dictionary, instead it will add it into all the dictionaries in the map. please , i am becoming crazy.

while datareceive do 
    let refdictionary = ref totalmap.[index]   //totalmap has a lot of Dictionary, which is indexed by "index"
    let dictionnarydata = totalmap.[index]
    if dictionnarydata.ContainsKey(key1) then
            ........
        else
            refdic.Value.Add(key1,num)   //if the corresponding dictionary does not have such information, then add it in it
            ()

Answers


As mentioned in the comments, if you are learning functional programming, then the best approach is to use immutable data structures - here, you could use a map that maps the index to a nested map (which contains the key value information that you need).

Try playing with something like the following sample:

// Add new item (key, num pair) to the map at the specified index
// Since totalMap is immutable, this returns a new map!
let addData index (key:int) (num:int) (totalmap:Map<_, Map<_, _>>) = 
  // We are assuming that the value for index is defined
  let atIndex = totalmap.[index]
  let newAtIndex = 
    // Ignore information if it is already there, otherwise add
    if atIndex.ContainsKey key then atIndex
    else atIndex.Add(key, num)
  // Using the fact that Add replaces existing items, we 
  // can just add new map in place of the old one
  totalmap.Add(index, newAtIndex)

Using the above function, you can now create initial map and then add various information to it:

// Create an int-indexed map containing empty maps as values
let totalmap = Map.ofSeq [ for i in 0 .. 10 -> i, Map.empty ]
totalmap
|> addData 0 1 42
|> addData 0 1 32
|> addData 1 10 1

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