what is the use of annotations @Id and @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)? Why the generationtype is identity?

@GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)

Why we are using this annotations? i need to know if this autoincrement my table id values. (GenerationType.IDENTITY) is there any other types whats actually happening when we use this annotation

public class Author extends Domain
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    @Basic(optional = false)
    @Column(name = "id") 
    private Integer id;

    @Basic(optional = false)
    @Column(name = "name") 
    private String name;

    @Column(name = "address") 
    private String address; 

    @OneToMany(cascade = CascadeType.ALL, mappedBy = "authorId")
    private List<Book>

    public Author()

*Is it necessary to extend Domain abstract class?What is the use?


Let me answer this question: First of all, using annotations as our configure method is just a convenient method instead of coping the endless XML configuration file.

The @Idannotation is inherited from javax.persistence.Id, indicating the member field below is the primary key of current entity. Hence your Hibernate and spring framework as well as you can do some reflect works based on this annotation. for details please check javadoc for Id

The @GeneratedValue annotation is to configure the way of increment of the specified column(field). For example when using Mysql, you may specify auto_increment in the definition of table to make it self-incremental, and then use

@GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)

in the Java code to denote that you also acknowledged to use this database server side strategy. Also, you may change the value in this annotation to fit different requirements.

1. Define Sequence in database

For instance, Oracle has to use sequence as increment method, say we create a sequence in Oracle:

create sequence oracle_seq;
2. Refer the database sequence

Now that we have the sequence in database, but we need to establish the relation between Java and DB, by using @SequenceGenerator:


sequenceName is the real name of a sequence in Oracle, name is what you want to call it in Java. You need to specify sequenceName if it is different from name, otherwise just use name. I usually ignore sequenceName to save my time.

3. Use sequence in Java

Finally, it is time to make use this sequence in Java. Just add @GeneratedValue:

@GeneratedValue(strategy=GenerationType.SEQUENCE, generator="seq")

The generator field refers to which sequence generator you want to use. Notice it is not the real sequence name in DB, but the name you specified in name field of SequenceGenerator.

4. Complete

So the complete version should be like this:

public class MyTable
    @GeneratedValue(strategy=GenerationType.SEQUENCE, generator="seq")               
    private Integer pid;

Now start using these annotations to make your JavaWeb development easier.

In a Object Relational Mapping context, every object needs to have a unique identifier. You use the @Id annotation to specify the primary key of an entity.

The @GeneratedValue annotation is used to specify how the primary key should be generated. In your example you are using an Identity strategy which

Indicates that the persistence provider must assign primary keys for the entity using a database identity column.

There are other strategies, you can see more here.

Simply, @Id: This annotation specifies the primary key of the entity. 

@GeneratedValue: This annotation is used to specify the primary key generation strategy to use. i.e Instructs database to generate a value for this field automatically. If the strategy is not specified by default AUTO will be used. 

GenerationType enum defines four strategies: 
1. Generation Type . TABLE, 
2. Generation Type. SEQUENCE,
3. Generation Type. IDENTITY   
4. Generation Type. AUTO


With this strategy, underlying persistence provider must use a database sequence to get the next unique primary key for the entities. 


With this strategy, underlying persistence provider must use a database table to generate/keep the next unique primary key for the entities. 

This GenerationType indicates that the persistence provider must assign primary keys for the entity using a database identity column. IDENTITY column is typically used in SQL Server. This special type column is populated internally by the table itself without using a separate sequence. If underlying database doesn't support IDENTITY column or some similar variant then the persistence provider can choose an alternative appropriate strategy. In this examples we are using H2 database which doesn't support IDENTITY column.

This GenerationType indicates that the persistence provider should automatically pick an appropriate strategy for the particular database. This is the default GenerationType, i.e. if we just use @GeneratedValue annotation then this value of GenerationType will be used. 

Reference:- https://www.logicbig.com/tutorials/java-ee-tutorial/jpa/jpa-primary-key.html

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