converting activity into fragment

This is a simple code to play a sound on click off a button, this code was initially written in Activity but now i want to change it to Fragments.

errors

1) The method setContentView(int) is undefined for the type Rajathmusic.

2) The method create(Context, int) in the type MediaPlayer is not applicable for the arguments (Rajathmusic, int).

3)The method findViewById(int) is undefined for the type Rajathmusic.

I am just starting off with android development, any help would be appreciated!

public class Rajathmusic extends Fragment {

private static final String TAG = "MyActivity";

@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

    Log.v(TAG, "Initializing sounds...");

    final MediaPlayer mp = MediaPlayer.create(this, R.raw.rajath);

    Button play_button = (Button)this.findViewById(R.id.button3);

    play_button.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
        public void onClick(View v) {
            Log.v(TAG, "Playing sound...");
            mp.start();
        }
    });
    Log.v(TAG, "Sounds initialized.");
}}

Answers


  1. Fragment has a method called onCreateView(LayoutInflater, ViewGroup, Bundle). Override it, inflate using the layout and return the view.
  2. Since create method expects a Context, pass it using getActivity()
  3. findViewById(int) can be called as getView().findViewById(R.id.button3)

Here is a sample code:

public class Rajathmusic extends Fragment {

    private static final String TAG = "MyActivity";

    @Override
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
            Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        return inflater.inflate(R.layout.activity_main, container, false);
    }

    @Override
    public void onActivityCreated(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        Log.v(TAG, "Initializing sounds...");

        final MediaPlayer mp = MediaPlayer.create(getActivity(), R.raw.rajath);

        View v = getView();

        Button play_button = (Button) v.findViewById(R.id.button3);

        play_button.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(View v) {
                Log.v(TAG, "Playing sound...");
                mp.start();
            }
        });
        Log.v(TAG, "Sounds initialized.");
    }

}

Read more about Fragment lifecycle here to know why I've put the code in onActivityCreated and not onCreate


In fragment onCreate method is usually written as-

@Override
public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
Bundle savedInstanceState){

And Use-

final MediaPlayer mp = MediaPlayer.create(getActivity(), R.raw.rajath);
Button play_button = (Button) view.findViewById(R.id.button3);

If you want to read more about fragments. Check this link.


Use this code in overriden method OnActivityCreated(...) and instead of this use getActivity(), since new fragment is not activity any more.


Need Your Help

Spring Security redirect to previous page after successful login

spring redirect login spring-security

I know this question has been asked before, however I'm facing a particular issue here.

Is storing Graphics objects a good idea?

java memory-management graphics awt bufferedimage

I'm currently in the process of writing a paint program in java, designed to have flexible and comprehensive functionalities. It stemmed from my final project, that I wrote overnight the day before.