Access an element's parent with PHP's SimpleXML?

I'm iterating through a set of SimpleXML objects, and I can't figure out how to access each object's parent node. Here's what I want:

$divs = simplexml->xpath("//div");
foreach ($divs as $div)
{
   $parent_div = $div->get_parent_node(); // Sadly, there's no such function.
}

Seems like there must be a fairly easy way to do this.

Answers


You could run a simple XPath query to get it:

$parent_div = $div->xpath("parent::*");

And as this is Simplexml and it only has element and attribute nodes and a parent node can only be an element and never an attribute, the abbreviated syntax can be used:

$parent_div = $div->xpath("..");

(via: Common Xpath Cheats - SimpleXML Type Cheatsheet (Feb 2013; by hakre) )


$div->get_parent_node(); // Sadly, there's no such function.

Note that you can extend SimpleXML to make it so. For example:

class my_xml extends SimpleXMLElement
{
    public function get_parent_node()
    {
        return current($this->xpath('parent::*'));
    }
}

And now all you have to do is modify the code you use to create your SimpleXMLElement in the first place:

$foo = new SimpleXMLElement('<foo/>');
// becomes
$foo = new my_xml('<foo/>');

$foo = simplexml_load_string('<foo/>');
// becomes
$foo = simplexml_load_string('<foo/>', 'my_xml');

$foo = simplexml_load_file('foo.xml');
// becomes
$foo = simplexml_load_file('foo.xml', 'my_xml');

The best part is that SimpleXML will automatically and transparently return my_xml objects for this document, so you don't have to change anything else, which makes your get_parent_node() method chainable:

// returns $grandchild's parent's parent
$grandchild->get_parent_node()->get_parent_node();

If memory serves, an xpath() call returns one or more SimpleXMLElements. If that's the case, then you may be able to use something like:

$div->xpath( '..' );
# or
$div->xpath( 'parent::*' );

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