history.replaceState() example?

Can any one give a working example for history.replaceState? This is what w3.org says:

history . replaceState(data, title [, url ] )

Updates the current entry in the session history to have the given data, title, and, if provided and not null, URL.

Update:

This works perfectly:

history.replaceState( {} , 'foo', '/foo' );

Url is changing, but title is not changing. Is that a bug or am I missing something? Tested on latest Chrome.

Answers


Indeed this is a bug, although intentional for 2 years now. The problem lies with some unclear specs and the complexity when document.title and back/forward are involved.

See bug reference on Webkit and Mozilla. Also Opera on the introduction of History API said it wasn't using the title parameter and probably still doesn't.

Currently the 2nd argument of pushState and replaceState — the title of the history entry — isn't used in Opera's implementation, but may be one day.

Potential solution

The only way I see is to alter the title element and use pushState instead:

document.getElementsByTagName('title')[0].innerHTML = 'bar';
window.history.pushState( {} , 'bar', '/bar' );

Here is a minimal, contrived example.

console.log( window.location.href );  // whatever your current location href is
window.history.replaceState( {} , 'foo', '/foo' );
console.log( window.location.href );  // oh, hey, it replaced the path with /foo

There is more to replaceState() but I don't know what exactly it is that you want to do with it.


history.pushState pushes the current page state onto the history stack, and changes the URL in the address bar. So, when you go back, that state (the object you passed) are returned to you.

Currently, that is all it does. Any other page action, such as displaying the new page or changing the page title, must be done by you.

The W3C spec you link is just a draft, and browser may implement it differently. Firefox, for example, ignores the title parameter completely.

Here is a simple example of pushState that I use on my website.

(function($){
    // Use AJAX to load the page, and change the title
    function loadPage(sel, p){
        $(sel).load(p + ' #content', function(){
            document.title = $('#pageData').data('title');
        });
    }

    // When a link is clicked, use AJAX to load that page
    // but use pushState to change the URL bar
    $(document).on('click', 'a', function(e){
        e.preventDefault();
        history.pushState({page: this.href}, '', this.href);
        loadPage('#frontPage', this.href);
    });

    // This event is triggered when you visit a page in the history
    // like when yu push the "back" button
    $(window).on('popstate', function(e){
        loadPage('#frontPage', location.pathname);
        console.log(e.originalEvent.state);
    });
}(jQuery));

look at the example

window.history.replaceState({
    foo: 'bar'
}, 'Nice URL Title', '/nice_url');

window.onpopstate = function (e) {
    if (typeof e.state == "object" && e.state.foo == "bar") {
        alert("Blah blah blah");
    }
};

window.history.go(-1);

and search location.hash;


The second argument Title does not mean Title of the page - It is more of a definition/information for the state of that page

But we can still change the title using onpopstate event, and passing the title name not from the second argument, but as an attribute from the first parameter passed as object

Reference: http://spoiledmilk.com/blog/html5-changing-the-browser-url-without-refreshing-page/


According to MDN History doc There is clearly said that second argument is for future used not for now. You are right that second argument is deal with web-page title but currently it's ignored by all major browser.

Firefox currently ignores this parameter, although it may use it in the future. Passing the empty string here should be safe against future changes to the method. Alternatively, you could pass a short title for the state to which you're moving.


I really wanted to respond to @Sev's answer.

Sev is right, there is a bug inside the window.history.replaceState

To fix this simply rewrite the constructor to set the title manually.

var replaceState_tmp = window.history.replaceState.constructor;
window.history.replaceState.constructor = function(obj, title, url){
    var title_ = document.getElementsByTagName('title')[0];
    if(title_ != undefined){
        title_.innerHTML = title;
    }else{
        var title__ = document.createElement('title');
        title__.innerHTML = title;
        var head_ = document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0];
        if(head_ != undefined){
            head_.appendChild(title__);
        }else{
            var head__ = document.createElement('head');
            document.documentElement.appendChild(head__);
            head__.appendChild(title__);
        }
    }
    replaceState_tmp(obj,title, url);
}

Need Your Help

What's a good Java, curses-like, library for terminal applications?

java terminal console console-application gnu-screen

I would like to write a Java terminal application that does screen manipulation. Are there any good libraries out there that allow you to manipulate the screen like curses in the *nix/C world?

Swift Framework: Umbrella header '[...].h' not found

ios swift ios-frameworks

In a custom framework containing both Objective-C and Swift code, the Swift compiler throws the following error: