Mounting directory from parent system to container in Docker
How do I mount a directory from the parent system to a container in Docker?
*Update - see answer below. this is no longer the correct answer *
You can't mount them, by design, because Docker could no longer guarantee a repeatable execution environment.
However you can:
Import the host's root filesystem and create a new image from it:
tar -C / -c . | docker import - entend/custombase
Import a bootstrap root filesystem, for example the result of running 'debootstrap'. (Note that this is how the official "base" image was created, so you might be better off simply running 'docker pull base')
debootstrap precise ./bootstrap tar -C ./bootstrap -c . | docker import - entend/ubuntubase
Inject the contents of a local directory into a container when running it.
IMAGE=base; SRC=./stuff; DST=/tmp/stuff; CMD="echo hello world"; tar -C $src -c . | docker run $IMAGE -i /bin/sh -c "tar -C $DST -x; $CMD"
This will run a container from $IMAGE, copy host directory $SRC into container directory $DST, then run command $CMD.
This last example is typically used to insert source code before running a build command inside the container.
Just as a final update, this feature is now released in Docker (though the API has changed since the pull request linked by @imiric).
Simply use a command like
docker run -v /tmp:/root myImage
in order to mount /tmp from the host machine as /root within the image.
Just to update this question, this will soon be possible in Docker.
This pull request has actually implemented this feature and will be soon merged to master.
You can use it right now if you install this fork.
This IS possible in Docker:
Mount data into application container:
docker run -t -i -rm -volumes-from DATA -name client1 ubuntu bash
Trick for OS X and Windows
Two successive mounts: I guess many posts here might be using two boot2docker's. The reason you don't see anything is because you are mounting a directory from boot2docker, not from your host. You basically need two successive mounts: the first one to mount a directory from your host to your system and the second to mount the new directory from boot2docker to your container like this:
Mount local system on boot2docker:
sudo mount -t vboxsf hostfolder /boot2dockerfolder
Mount boot2docker file on a Linux container
docker run -v /boot2dockerfolder:/root/containerfolder -i -t imagename
Then when you do ls inside containerfolder you will see the content of your hostfolder