Is it possible to write vertically in a textview in android?

Let's say you have a normal TextView, with "Stackoverflow" written in it, Is it possible to rotate the TextView by -90°, to have the S at the bottom and the W at the top of the screen? Of course I could write my text as an image, rotate it and use it that way, but I am interested in the text right now. Thanks.

Answers


You can set your textview as you would normally do

for example:

 <TextView android:id="@+id/txtview"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content" />

and write a function in your activity to

  • reverse the characters in your text
  • insert \n after every characters

and then set the text to the TextView.

If you dont want to insert the \n, you will have to set the size of android:layout_width and play with font size not to have 2 characters fitting on the same line and no truncation

Edit If I have understood you correctly, you can get what you want by using animation.

For example

Under res/anim/myanim.xml:

<rotate  xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
           android:fromDegrees="0" 
           android:toDegrees="-90"
           android:pivotX="50%"
           android:duration="0" />

You will have to play with this file to define where you want your text view to be placed.

In your activity:

  TextView t = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.txtview);
  String txt = "Stackoverflow";         
  t.setText(txt);

  RotateAnimation ranim = (RotateAnimation)AnimationUtils.loadAnimation(this, R.anim.myanim);
  ranim.setFillAfter(true); //For the textview to remain at the same place after the rotation
  t.setAnimation(ranim);

Worked for me:

public class VerticalTextView extends TextView {

    private int _width, _height;
    private final Rect _bounds = new Rect();

    public VerticalTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyle);
    }

    public VerticalTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
    }

    public VerticalTextView(Context context) {
        super(context);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
        super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);
        // vise versa
        _height = getMeasuredWidth();
        _width = getMeasuredHeight();
        setMeasuredDimension(_width, _height);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {
        canvas.save();

        canvas.translate(_width, _height);
        canvas.rotate(-90);

        TextPaint paint = getPaint();
        paint.setColor(getTextColors().getDefaultColor());

        String text = text();

        paint.getTextBounds(text, 0, text.length(), _bounds);
        canvas.drawText(text, getCompoundPaddingLeft(), (_bounds.height() - _width) / 2, paint);

        canvas.restore();
    }

    private String text() {
        return super.getText().toString();
    }
}

xml:

<VerticalTextView
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_gravity="left|center_vertical"
            android:background="@color/feedback_background"
            android:padding="4dip"
            android:text="@string/feedback"
            android:textColor="@color/feedback_text_color"
            android:textSize="@dimen/text_xlarge" />

Try this. It works fine for me. It can display one line of text vertically, but just one line. colors, size, paddings, margins and background all work fine.

public class VerticalTextView extends TextView {

    public VerticalTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyle);
    }

    public VerticalTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
    }

    public VerticalTextView(Context context) {
        super(context);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {
        final ColorStateList csl = getTextColors();
        final int color = csl.getDefaultColor();
        final int paddingBottom = getPaddingBottom();
        final int paddingTop = getPaddingTop();
        final int viewWidth = getWidth();
        final int viewHeight = getHeight();
        final TextPaint paint = getPaint();
        paint.setColor(color);
        final float bottom = viewWidth * 9.0f / 11.0f;
        Path p = new Path();
        p.moveTo(bottom, viewHeight - paddingBottom - paddingTop);
        p.lineTo(bottom, paddingTop);
        canvas.drawTextOnPath(getText().toString(), p, 0, 0, paint);
    }
}

If you are using API 11 or later, you may try:

TextView t = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.txtview);
String txt = "Stackoverflow";         
t.setText(txt);
t.setRotation(90); // 90 degree rotation

We can set Rotation with XML view

 <TextView android:id="@+id/txtview"
        android:rotation="-90"
        android:text="123"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content" />

I'll show for you guys my example of custom vertical button with the rotated TextView in it:

<!--Undo button-->
<LinearLayout
    android:id="@+id/undo_points_pr_a"
    android:layout_width="@dimen/zero_dp"
    android:gravity="center"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:layout_weight="1"
    android:background="@color/timerUndoButton">

    <ImageView
        android:layout_width="@dimen/large"
        android:layout_height="@dimen/large"
        android:src="@drawable/undo_icon"
        android:rotation="-90"
        android:layout_marginBottom="@dimen/medium"/>

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="@string/undo"
        android:textSize="@dimen/small_medium_text"
        android:rotation="-90"/>

</LinearLayout>

And this is how it looks in Android Studio:

And of course you have to modify this code to make it works for you. (in attributes like android:layout_width, android:layout_height, etc.)


I provided a solution in another StackOverflow question. You can get vertical TextView by extending from View and overriding its onMeasure() and onDraw() methods. However, it will not support all TextView features, rather its main ones like padding, size, color and font.

import android.annotation.TargetApi;
import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.Canvas;
import android.graphics.Paint;
import android.graphics.Rect;
import android.graphics.Typeface;
import android.os.Build;
import android.text.TextPaint;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.util.Log;
import android.util.TypedValue;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class VerticalLabelView extends View
{
    private final String LOG_TAG           = "VerticalLabelView";
    private final int    DEFAULT_TEXT_SIZE = 30;
    private int          _ascent           = 0;
    private int          _leftPadding      = 0;
    private int          _topPadding       = 0;
    private int          _rightPadding     = 0;
    private int          _bottomPadding    = 0;
    private int          _textSize         = 0;
    private int          _measuredWidth;
    private int          _measuredHeight;
    private Rect         _textBounds;
    private TextPaint    _textPaint;
    private String       _text             = "";
    private TextView     _tempView;
    private Typeface     _typeface         = null;
    private boolean      _topToDown = false;

    public VerticalLabelView(Context context)
    {
        super(context);
        initLabelView();
    }

    public VerticalLabelView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs)
    {
        super(context, attrs);
        initLabelView();
    }

    public VerticalLabelView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr)
    {
        super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr);
        initLabelView();
    }

    @TargetApi(Build.VERSION_CODES.LOLLIPOP)
    public VerticalLabelView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr, int defStyleRes)
    {
        super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr, defStyleRes);
        initLabelView();
    }

    private final void initLabelView()
    {
        this._textBounds = new Rect();
        this._textPaint = new TextPaint();
        this._textPaint.setAntiAlias(true);
        this._textPaint.setTextAlign(Paint.Align.CENTER);
        this._textPaint.setTextSize(DEFAULT_TEXT_SIZE);
        this._textSize = DEFAULT_TEXT_SIZE;
    }

    public void setText(String text)
    {
        this._text = text;
        requestLayout();
        invalidate();
    }

    public void topToDown(boolean topToDown)
    {
        this._topToDown = topToDown;
    }

    public void setPadding(int padding)
    {
        setPadding(padding, padding, padding, padding);
    }

    public void setPadding(int left, int top, int right, int bottom)
    {
        this._leftPadding = left;
        this._topPadding = top;
        this._rightPadding = right;
        this._bottomPadding = bottom;
        requestLayout();
        invalidate();
    }

    public void setTextSize(int size)
    {
        this._textSize = size;
        this._textPaint.setTextSize(size);
        requestLayout();
        invalidate();
    }

    public void setTextColor(int color)
    {
        this._textPaint.setColor(color);
        invalidate();
    }

    public void setTypeFace(Typeface typeface)
    {
        this._typeface = typeface;
        this._textPaint.setTypeface(typeface);
        requestLayout();
        invalidate();
    }

    @Override
    protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec)
    {
        try
        {
            this._textPaint.getTextBounds(this._text, 0, this._text.length(), this._textBounds);

            this._tempView = new TextView(getContext());
            this._tempView.setPadding(this._leftPadding, this._topPadding, this._rightPadding, this._bottomPadding);
            this._tempView.setText(this._text);
            this._tempView.setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, this._textSize);
            this._tempView.setTypeface(this._typeface);

            this._tempView.measure(ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT, ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT);

            this._measuredWidth = this._tempView.getMeasuredHeight();
            this._measuredHeight = this._tempView.getMeasuredWidth();

            this._ascent = this._textBounds.height() / 2 + this._measuredWidth / 2;

            setMeasuredDimension(this._measuredWidth, this._measuredHeight);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            setMeasuredDimension(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);
            Log.e(LOG_TAG, Log.getStackTraceString(e));
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas)
    {
        super.onDraw(canvas);

        if (!this._text.isEmpty())
        {
            float textHorizontallyCenteredOriginX = this._measuredHeight / 2f;
            float textHorizontallyCenteredOriginY = this._ascent;

            canvas.translate(textHorizontallyCenteredOriginY, textHorizontallyCenteredOriginX);

            float rotateDegree = -90;
            float y = 0;

            if (this._topToDown)
            {
                rotateDegree = 90;
                y = this._measuredWidth / 2;
            }

            canvas.rotate(rotateDegree);
            canvas.drawText(this._text, 0, y, this._textPaint);
        }
    }
}

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