How do I work around mutability in moment.js?

I've run into a problem where I have to store the initial values of a moment object but I'm having some trouble preventing my variable from changing along with the original object.

Unfortunately Object.freeze() doesn't work, because moment.js returns an "Invalid date" error when I try to format that.


There's a Moment.js plugin on NPM called frozen-moment - You could use moment().freeze() in place of Object.freeze(moment()).

Otherwise, vanilla Moment.js has a clone method that should help you avoid mutability problems, so you could do something like this:

var a = moment(),
    b = a.clone(); // or moment(a)


It has been two years since I wrote this answer. In this time, another library for working with dates has surfaced and gained a lot of traction:

This library is immutable by default and follows a modular, functional architecture, which means it is better suited to tree shaking and client-side bundling. If you are working on a project that makes extensive use of Webpack on the client side, and find that Moment.js is giving you trouble with your build, or even if Moment.js' mutability is causing you a lot of headache, then you should give date-fns a try.

It's an old question and apologies for shameless self promotion as this is not my intention, just hope it will help someone.

In addition to what razorbeard says (.clone() etc) I created NPM module that attaches immutable methods to whatever Moment.js comes with out of the box. The intention is not to break existing code so module adds new methods with Immu appended to its name.

Each instance returned by moment factory will be decorated with immutable methods e.g moment().startOf() will have corresponding startOfImmu(), add() will have addImmu() etc. Each of those returns new moment rather then modifying existing one. To use it just pass moment factory to momentImmutableMethods to get access to new immutable methods. Example:

var moment = require('moment'); // or moment-timezone 
import { momentImmutableMethods } from 'moment-immutable-methods';

// to decorate instances with immutable methods we need to extend moment factory as below:

// now every instance returned by moment will have Immu methods attached.

// we using immutable methods that were attached to every instance, these have Immu appended to original name
const ddd = moment({
  hour: 5,
  minute: 10
// Moment {_isAMomentObject: true, _i: {…}, _isUTC: false, _pf: {…}, _locale: Locale, …}
const eee = ddd.startOfImmu('day');
// Moment {_isAMomentObject: true, _i: {…}, _isUTC: false, _pf: {…}, _locale: Locale, …}
console.log(ddd === eee);
// false
const fff = eee.startOfImmu('month');
// Moment {_isAMomentObject: true, _i: {…}, _isUTC: false, _pf: {…}, _locale: Locale, …}
console.log(ddd === fff);
// false
console.log(eee === fff);
// false
console.log(ddd.format('DD/MM/YY HH:mma'));
// "14/04/18 05:10am"
console.log(eee.format('DD/MM/YY HH:mma'));
// "14/04/18 00:00am"
console.log(fff.format('DD/MM/YY HH:mma'));
// "08/04/18 00:00am"

Its on NPM at

Need Your Help

Programmatically retrieve memory usage on iPhone

ios objective-c iphone cocoa-touch memory

I'm trying to retrieve the amount of memory my iPhone app is using at anytime, programmatically. Yes I'm aware about ObjectAlloc/Leaks. I'm not interested in those, only to know if it's possible to...

How can I get the intersection, union, and subset of arrays in Ruby?

ruby union intersection subset

I want to create different methods for a class called Multiset.