How to get datetime in JavaScript?

How to get date time in JavaScript with format 31/12/2010 03:55 AM?

Answers


Semantically, you're probably looking for the one-liner

new Date().toLocaleString()

which formats the date in the locale of the user.

If you're really looking for a specific way to format dates, I recommend the moment.js library.


If the format is "fixed" meaning you don't have to use other format you can have pure JavaScript instead of using whole library to format the date:

//Pad given value to the left with "0"
function AddZero(num) {
    return (num >= 0 && num < 10) ? "0" + num : num + "";
}

window.onload = function() {
    var now = new Date();
    var strDateTime = [[AddZero(now.getDate()), 
        AddZero(now.getMonth() + 1), 
        now.getFullYear()].join("/"), 
        [AddZero(now.getHours()), 
        AddZero(now.getMinutes())].join(":"), 
        now.getHours() >= 12 ? "PM" : "AM"].join(" ");
    document.getElementById("Console").innerHTML = "Now: " + strDateTime;
};
<div id="Console"></div>

var now = new Date();

now.format("dd/MM/yyyy hh:mm TT");

Get full details here: Flagrant Badassery ยป JavaScript Date Format


You can convert Date to almost any format using the Snippet I have added below.

Code:

dateFormat(new Date(),"dd/mm/yy h:MM TT")
//"20/06/14 6:49 PM"

Other examples

// Can also be used as a standalone function
dateFormat(new Date(), "dddd, mmmm dS, yyyy, h:MM:ss TT");
// Saturday, June 9th, 2007, 5:46:21 PM

dateFormat(new Date(),"dddd d mmmm yyyy")
//Monday 2 June 2014"

Snippet:

Add following code taken from this link into your code.

var dateFormat = function () {
    var token = /d{1,4}|m{1,4}|yy(?:yy)?|([HhMsTt])\1?|[LloSZ]|"[^"]*"|'[^']*'/g,
        timezone = /\b(?:[PMCEA][SDP]T|(?:Pacific|Mountain|Central|Eastern|Atlantic) (?:Standard|Daylight|Prevailing) Time|(?:GMT|UTC)(?:[-+]\d{4})?)\b/g,
        timezoneClip = /[^-+\dA-Z]/g,
        pad = function (val, len) {
            val = String(val);
            len = len || 2;
            while (val.length < len) val = "0" + val;
            return val;
        };

    // Regexes and supporting functions are cached through closure
    return function (date, mask, utc) {
        var dF = dateFormat;

        // You can't provide utc if you skip other args (use the "UTC:" mask prefix)
        if (arguments.length == 1 && Object.prototype.toString.call(date) == "[object String]" && !/\d/.test(date)) {
            mask = date;
            date = undefined;
        }

        // Passing date through Date applies Date.parse, if necessary
        date = date ? new Date(date) : new Date;
        if (isNaN(date)) throw SyntaxError("invalid date");

        mask = String(dF.masks[mask] || mask || dF.masks["default"]);

        // Allow setting the utc argument via the mask
        if (mask.slice(0, 4) == "UTC:") {
            mask = mask.slice(4);
            utc = true;
        }

        var _ = utc ? "getUTC" : "get",
            d = date[_ + "Date"](),
            D = date[_ + "Day"](),
            m = date[_ + "Month"](),
            y = date[_ + "FullYear"](),
            H = date[_ + "Hours"](),
            M = date[_ + "Minutes"](),
            s = date[_ + "Seconds"](),
            L = date[_ + "Milliseconds"](),
            o = utc ? 0 : date.getTimezoneOffset(),
            flags = {
                d:    d,
                dd:   pad(d),
                ddd:  dF.i18n.dayNames[D],
                dddd: dF.i18n.dayNames[D + 7],
                m:    m + 1,
                mm:   pad(m + 1),
                mmm:  dF.i18n.monthNames[m],
                mmmm: dF.i18n.monthNames[m + 12],
                yy:   String(y).slice(2),
                yyyy: y,
                h:    H % 12 || 12,
                hh:   pad(H % 12 || 12),
                H:    H,
                HH:   pad(H),
                M:    M,
                MM:   pad(M),
                s:    s,
                ss:   pad(s),
                l:    pad(L, 3),
                L:    pad(L > 99 ? Math.round(L / 10) : L),
                t:    H < 12 ? "a"  : "p",
                tt:   H < 12 ? "am" : "pm",
                T:    H < 12 ? "A"  : "P",
                TT:   H < 12 ? "AM" : "PM",
                Z:    utc ? "UTC" : (String(date).match(timezone) || [""]).pop().replace(timezoneClip, ""),
                o:    (o > 0 ? "-" : "+") + pad(Math.floor(Math.abs(o) / 60) * 100 + Math.abs(o) % 60, 4),
                S:    ["th", "st", "nd", "rd"][d % 10 > 3 ? 0 : (d % 100 - d % 10 != 10) * d % 10]
            };

        return mask.replace(token, function ($0) {
            return $0 in flags ? flags[$0] : $0.slice(1, $0.length - 1);
        });
    };
}();

// Some common format strings
dateFormat.masks = {
    "default":      "ddd mmm dd yyyy HH:MM:ss",
    shortDate:      "m/d/yy",
    mediumDate:     "mmm d, yyyy",
    longDate:       "mmmm d, yyyy",
    fullDate:       "dddd, mmmm d, yyyy",
    shortTime:      "h:MM TT",
    mediumTime:     "h:MM:ss TT",
    longTime:       "h:MM:ss TT Z",
    isoDate:        "yyyy-mm-dd",
    isoTime:        "HH:MM:ss",
    isoDateTime:    "yyyy-mm-dd'T'HH:MM:ss",
    isoUtcDateTime: "UTC:yyyy-mm-dd'T'HH:MM:ss'Z'"
};

// Internationalization strings
dateFormat.i18n = {
    dayNames: [
        "Sun", "Mon", "Tue", "Wed", "Thu", "Fri", "Sat",
        "Sunday", "Monday", "Tuesday", "Wednesday", "Thursday", "Friday", "Saturday"
    ],
    monthNames: [
        "Jan", "Feb", "Mar", "Apr", "May", "Jun", "Jul", "Aug", "Sep", "Oct", "Nov", "Dec",
        "January", "February", "March", "April", "May", "June", "July", "August", "September", "October", "November", "December"
    ]
};

// For convenience...
Date.prototype.format = function (mask, utc) {
    return dateFormat(this, mask, utc);
};

function pad_2(number)
{
     return (number < 10 ? '0' : '') + number;
}

function hours(date)
{
    var hours = date.getHours();
    if(hours > 12)
        return hours - 12; // Substract 12 hours when 13:00 and more
    return hours;
}

function am_pm(date)
{
    if(date.getHours()==0 && date.getMinutes()==0 && date.getSeconds()==0)
        return ''; // No AM for MidNight
    if(date.getHours()==12 && date.getMinutes()==0 && date.getSeconds()==0)
        return ''; // No PM for Noon
    if(date.getHours()<12)
        return ' AM';
    return ' PM';
}

function date_format(date)
{
     return pad_2(date.getDate()) + '/' +
            pad_2(date.getMonth()+1) + '/' +
            (date.getFullYear() + ' ').substring(2) +
            pad_2(hours(date)) + ':' +
            pad_2(date.getMinutes()) +
            am_pm(date);
}

Code corrected as of Sep 3 '12 at 10:11


Date().toLocaleString() returns this: 7/31/2018, 12:58:03 PM

Pretty close - just drop the comma and the seconds:

new Date().toLocaleString().replace(",","").replace(/:.. /," ");

Results: 7/31/2018 12:58 PM


@Shadow Wizard's code should return 02:45 PM instead of 14:45 PM. So I modified his code a bit:

function getNowDateTimeStr(){
 var now = new Date();
 var hour = now.getHours() - (now.getHours() >= 12 ? 12 : 0);
return [[AddZero(now.getDate()), AddZero(now.getMonth() + 1), now.getFullYear()].join("/"), [AddZero(hour), AddZero(now.getMinutes())].join(":"), now.getHours() >= 12 ? "PM" : "AM"].join(" ");
}

//Pad given value to the left with "0"
function AddZero(num) {
    return (num >= 0 && num < 10) ? "0" + num : num + "";
}

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