Convert Dictionary to JSON in Swift

I have create the next Dictionary:

var postJSON = [ids[0]:answersArray[0], ids[1]:answersArray[1], ids[2]:answersArray[2]] as Dictionary

and I get:

[2: B, 1: A, 3: C]

So, how can I convert it to JSON?

Answers


Swift 3.0

With Swift 3, the name of NSJSONSerialization and its methods have changed, according to the Swift API Design Guidelines.

let dic = ["2": "B", "1": "A", "3": "C"]

do {
    let jsonData = try JSONSerialization.data(withJSONObject: dic, options: .prettyPrinted)
    // here "jsonData" is the dictionary encoded in JSON data

    let decoded = try JSONSerialization.jsonObject(with: jsonData, options: [])
    // here "decoded" is of type `Any`, decoded from JSON data

    // you can now cast it with the right type        
    if let dictFromJSON = decoded as? [String:String] {
        // use dictFromJSON
    }
} catch {
    print(error.localizedDescription)
}

Swift 2.x

do {
    let jsonData = try NSJSONSerialization.dataWithJSONObject(dic, options: NSJSONWritingOptions.PrettyPrinted)
    // here "jsonData" is the dictionary encoded in JSON data

    let decoded = try NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(jsonData, options: [])
    // here "decoded" is of type `AnyObject`, decoded from JSON data

    // you can now cast it with the right type 
    if let dictFromJSON = decoded as? [String:String] {
        // use dictFromJSON
    }
} catch let error as NSError {
    print(error)
}

Swift 1

var error: NSError?
if let jsonData = NSJSONSerialization.dataWithJSONObject(dic, options: NSJSONWritingOptions.PrettyPrinted, error: &error) {
    if error != nil {
        println(error)
    } else {
        // here "jsonData" is the dictionary encoded in JSON data
    }
}

if let decoded = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(jsonData, options: nil, error: &error) as? [String:String] {
    if error != nil {
        println(error)
    } else {
        // here "decoded" is the dictionary decoded from JSON data
    }
}


You are making a wrong assumption. Just because the debugger/Playground shows your dictionary in square brackets (which is how Cocoa displays dictionaries) that does not mean that is the way the JSON output is formatted.

Here is example code that will convert a dictionary of strings to JSON:

Swift 3 version:

import Foundation

let dictionary = ["aKey": "aValue", "anotherKey": "anotherValue"]
if let theJSONData = try? JSONSerialization.data(
    withJSONObject: dictionary,
    options: []) {
    let theJSONText = String(data: theJSONData,
                               encoding: .ascii)
    print("JSON string = \(theJSONText!)")
}

To display the above in "pretty printed" format you'd change the options line to:

    options: [.prettyPrinted]

Or in Swift 2 syntax:

import Foundation

let dictionary = ["aKey": "aValue", "anotherKey": "anotherValue"]
let theJSONData = NSJSONSerialization.dataWithJSONObject(
  dictionary ,
  options: NSJSONWritingOptions(0),
  error: nil)
let theJSONText = NSString(data: theJSONData!,
  encoding: NSASCIIStringEncoding)
println("JSON string = \(theJSONText!)")

The output of that is

"JSON string = {"anotherKey":"anotherValue","aKey":"aValue"}"

Or in pretty format:

{
  "anotherKey" : "anotherValue",
  "aKey" : "aValue"
}

The dictionary is enclosed in curly braces in the JSON output, just as you'd expect.

EDIT:

In Swift 3/4 syntax, the code above looks like this:

  let dictionary = ["aKey": "aValue", "anotherKey": "anotherValue"]
    if let theJSONData = try?  JSONSerialization.data(
      withJSONObject: dictionary,
      options: .prettyPrinted
      ),
      let theJSONText = String(data: theJSONData,
                               encoding: String.Encoding.ascii) {
          print("JSON string = \n\(theJSONText)")
    }
  }

My answer for your question is below

let dict = ["0": "ArrayObjectOne", "1": "ArrayObjecttwo", "2": "ArrayObjectThree"]

var error : NSError?

let jsonData = try! NSJSONSerialization.dataWithJSONObject(dict, options: NSJSONWritingOptions.PrettyPrinted)

let jsonString = NSString(data: jsonData, encoding: NSUTF8StringEncoding)! as String

print(jsonString)

Answer is

{
  "0" : "ArrayObjectOne",
  "1" : "ArrayObjecttwo",
  "2" : "ArrayObjectThree"
}

Sometimes it's necessary to print out server's response for debugging purposes. Here's a function I use:

extension Dictionary {

    var json: String {
        let invalidJson = "Not a valid JSON"
        do {
            let jsonData = try JSONSerialization.data(withJSONObject: self, options: .prettyPrinted)
            return String(bytes: jsonData, encoding: String.Encoding.utf8) ?? invalidJson
        } catch {
            return invalidJson
        }
    }

    func printJson() {
        print(json)
    }

}

Example of use:

(lldb) po dictionary.printJson()
{
  "InviteId" : 2,
  "EventId" : 13591,
  "Messages" : [
    {
      "SenderUserId" : 9514,
      "MessageText" : "test",
      "RecipientUserId" : 9470
    },
    {
      "SenderUserId" : 9514,
      "MessageText" : "test",
      "RecipientUserId" : 9470
    }
  ],
  "TargetUserId" : 9470,
  "InvitedUsers" : [
    9470
  ],
  "InvitingUserId" : 9514,
  "WillGo" : true,
  "DateCreated" : "2016-08-24 14:01:08 +00:00"
}

Swift 5:

let dic = ["2": "B", "1": "A", "3": "C"]
let encoder = JSONEncoder()
if let jsonData = try? encoder.encode(dic) {
    if let jsonString = String(data: jsonData, encoding: .utf8) {
        print(jsonString)
    }
}

Note that keys and values must implement Codable. Strings, Ints, and Doubles (and more) are already Codable. See Encoding and Decoding Custom Types.


Swift 4 Dictionary extension.

extension Dictionary {
    var jsonStringRepresentation: String? {
        guard let theJSONData = try? JSONSerialization.data(withJSONObject: self,
                                                            options: [.prettyPrinted]) else {
            return nil
        }

        return String(data: theJSONData, encoding: .ascii)
    }
}

Swift 3:

let jsonData = try? JSONSerialization.data(withJSONObject: dict, options: [])
let jsonString = String(data: jsonData!, encoding: .utf8)!
print(jsonString)

Answer for your question is below:

Swift 2.1

     do {
          if let postData : NSData = try NSJSONSerialization.dataWithJSONObject(dictDataToBeConverted, options: NSJSONWritingOptions.PrettyPrinted){

          let json = NSString(data: postData, encoding: NSUTF8StringEncoding)! as String
          print(json)}

        }
        catch {
           print(error)
        }

Here's an easy extension to do this:

https://gist.github.com/stevenojo/0cb8afcba721838b8dcb115b846727c3

extension Dictionary {
    func jsonString() -> NSString? {
        let jsonData = try? JSONSerialization.data(withJSONObject: self, options: [])
        guard jsonData != nil else {return nil}
        let jsonString = String(data: jsonData!, encoding: .utf8)
        guard jsonString != nil else {return nil}
        return jsonString! as NSString
    }

}

private func convertDictToJson(dict : NSDictionary) -> NSDictionary?
{
    var jsonDict : NSDictionary!

    do {
        let jsonData = try JSONSerialization.data(withJSONObject:dict, options:[])
        let jsonDataString = String(data: jsonData, encoding: String.Encoding.utf8)!
        print("Post Request Params : \(jsonDataString)")
        jsonDict = [ParameterKey : jsonDataString]
        return jsonDict
    } catch {
        print("JSON serialization failed:  \(error)")
        jsonDict = nil
    }
    return jsonDict
}

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