How to share my Docker-Image without using the Docker-Hub?

I'm wondering where Docker's images are exactly stored to in my local host machine. Can I share my Docker-Image without using the Docker-Hub or a Dockerfile but the 'real' Docker-Image? And what is exactly happening when I 'push' my Docker-Image to Docker-Hub?

Answers


Docker images are stored as filesystem layers. Every command in the Dockerfile creates a layer. You can also create layers by using docker commit from the command line after making some changes (via docker run probably).

These layers are stored by default under /var/lib/docker. While you could (theoretically) cherry pick files from there and install it in a different docker server, is probably a bad idea to play with the internal representation used by Docker.

When you push your image, these layers are sent to the registry (the docker hub registry, by default… unless you tag your image with another registry prefix) and stored there. When pushing, the layer id is used to check if you already have the layer locally or it needs to be downloaded. You can use docker history to peek at which layers (other images) are used (and, to some extent, which command created the layer).

As for options to share an image without pushing to the docker hub registry, your best options are:

  • docker save an image or docker export a container. This will output a tar file to standard output, so you will like to do something like docker save 'dockerizeit/agent' > dk.agent.latest.tar. Then you can use docker load or docker import in a different host.

  • Host your own private registry. - Outdated, see comments See the docker registry image. We have built an s3 backed registry which you can start and stop as needed (all state is kept on the s3 bucket of your choice) which is trivial to setup. This is also an interesting way of watching what happens when pushing to a registry

  • Use another registry like quay.io (I haven't personally tried it), although whatever concerns you have with the docker hub will probably apply here too.


Based on this blog, one could share a docker image without a docker registry by executing:

docker save --output latestversion-1.0.0.tar dockerregistry/latestversion:1.0.0

Once this command has been completed, one could copy the image to a server and import it as follows:

docker load --input latestversion-1.0.0.tar

If you do not want to use the Docker Hub itself, you can host your own Docker repository under Artifactory by JFrog:

https://www.jfrog.com/confluence/display/RTF/Docker+Repositories

which will then run on your own server(s).

Other hosting suppliers are available, eg CoreOS:

http://www.theregister.co.uk/2014/10/30/coreos_enterprise_registry/

which bought quay.io


Sending a docker image to a remote server can be done in 3 simple steps:

  1. Locally, save docker image as a .tar: docker save -o <path for created tar file> <image name>

  2. Locally, use scp to transfer .tar to remote

  3. On remote server, load image into docker: docker load -i <path to docker image tar file>


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