Translucent/Transparent status bar + CoordinatorLayout + Toolbar + Fragment

I have following setup:

  • I'm using AppCompat
  • MainActivity, that holds a fragment and has a toolbar, that's hiding when scrolling down
  • Fragment with RecyclerView
  • all views that should fit the screen have the according android:fitsSystemWindows="true" in the xml layout

The problem is, I can't get the statusbar transparent in this case. What I do is following:

  1. Create the activity and call setContent
  2. Then I try to adjust the activity to programmatically get a translucent toolbar like following:

    @TargetApi(Build.VERSION_CODES.LOLLIPOP)
    public void themeNavAndStatusBar(Activity activity)
    {
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < Build.VERSION_CODES.LOLLIPOP)
            return;
    
        Window w = activity.getWindow();
        w.addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_DRAWS_SYSTEM_BAR_BACKGROUNDS);
        w.setFlags(
                WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION,
                WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
        w.setFlags(
                WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS,
                WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
        w.setNavigationBarColor(activity.getResources().getColor(android.R.color.transparent));
    
        w.setStatusBarColor(activity.getResources().getColor(android.R.color.transparent));
    }
    
  3. Replace the placeholder in the activity (@+id/frame_container) with the fragment

The statusbar is solid colored in this case, and the views are not drawn underneath it... Why?

What I want

I want a toolbar, that is scrolled of the screen and hiding completely while the content underneath this toolbar should fitScreen and be drawn behind the transparent nav bar.

Layouts

Here's my main activity:

<android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:id="@+id/clMain"
    android:fitsSystemWindows="true"
    android:background="?attr/main_background_color"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">

    <android.support.design.widget.AppBarLayout
        android:id="@+id/appBarLayout"
        android:fitsSystemWindows="true"
        android:background="@null"
        app:elevation="0dp"
        app:contentInsetLeft="0dp"
        app:contentInsetStart="0dp"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content">

        <android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar
            android:id="@+id/toolbar"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="?attr/actionBarSize"
            android:background="?attr/colorPrimary"
            android:elevation="4dp"
            android:theme="?actionBarThemeStyle"
            app:popupTheme="?actionBarPopupThemeStyle"
            app:layout_scrollFlags="scroll|enterAlways">

            <LinearLayout
                android:orientation="vertical"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content">

                <LinearLayout
                    android:orientation="horizontal"
                    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                    android:layout_height="wrap_content">

                    <ImageView
                        android:id="@+id/ivToolbarDataSource"
                        android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"
                        android:layout_marginRight="2dp"
                        android:layout_width="24dp"
                        android:layout_height="24dp" />

                    <TextView
                        android:id="@+id/tvToolbarTitle"
                        style="@style/TextAppearance.AppCompat.Widget.ActionBar.Title"
                        android:theme="?actionBarThemeStyle"
                        android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"
                        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

                </LinearLayout>

                <TextView
                    android:id="@+id/tvToolbarSubTitle"
                    style="@style/TextAppearance.AppCompat.Widget.ActionBar.Subtitle"
                    android:theme="?actionBarThemeStyle"
                    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                    android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

            </LinearLayout>



        </android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar>

        <!-- BUG: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/30541409/coordinatorlayoutappbarlayout-does-not-draw-toolbar-properly -->
        <View
            android:layout_width="fill_parent"
            android:layout_height="1dp"/>

    </android.support.design.widget.AppBarLayout>

    <FrameLayout
        android:id="@+id/frame_container"
        android:fitsSystemWindows="true"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        app:layout_behavior="@string/appbar_scrolling_view_behavior" />

    <android.support.design.widget.FloatingActionButton
        android:id="@+id/fab"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_gravity="bottom|right"
        android:layout_margin="32dp"
        android:src="@drawable/ic_local_offer_white_24dp"
        app:backgroundTint="?attr/colorPrimary"
        app:borderWidth="0dp"
        app:fabSize="normal"
        app:rippleColor="?attr/colorPrimaryDark"
        app:layout_anchorGravity="bottom|right|end"
        app:layout_behavior="com.test.classes.ScrollAwareFABBehavior"/>

</android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout>

And here is my fragment, that will be placed in the main activity:

<RelativeLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:fitsSystemWindows="true"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">

    <android.support.v4.widget.SwipeRefreshLayout
        android:id="@+id/srlImages"
        android:fitsSystemWindows="true"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent">

        <android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView
            android:id="@+id/rvImages"
            android:fitsSystemWindows="true"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="match_parent" />

    </android.support.v4.widget.SwipeRefreshLayout>

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/tvEmpty"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:layout_centerInParent="true"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

</RelativeLayout>

EDIT - Screenshots

I use a light/dark base theme and theme everything by hand (because the user can select any color as primary/accent color), so don't mind that the toolbar is white (it's the default's theme background color and primary color). I added a black border as well so that you see where the activity ends...

  • First Screenshot: Shows the toolbar, nothing is scrolled
  • Second Screenshot: I just started scrolling => the toolbar now should scroll away
  • Third Screenshot: the main content should now scroll underneath the nav bar...

In the end, I'll of course make the toolbar and navbar semi transparent for a better visual effect...

Answers


tl;dr Set android:fitsSystemWindows="false" at least to the root CoordinatorLayout and to the inner fragment container, @frame_container.

This might not be the final solution (i.e. there might be other fitsSystemWindows to change) so tell me if you have any problems.

why

When it comes to status bar, I think of fitsSystemWindows like so:

  • fitsSystemWindows="false" : draws the view normally, under the status bar because of the window flags you have set.
  • fitsSystemWindows="true" : draws the view normally, under the status bar because of the window flags you have set, but adds a top padding so that content is drawn below the status bar and they don't overlap.

In fact, in my opinion, the white you see is not the status bar color, but rather your CoordinatorLayout background. That is due to fitsSystemWindows="true" on the coordinator: it draws the background to the whole window, but adds top padding to the content so inner views are not covered by status bar.

This is not what you want. Your inner content must be covered by the status bar, and so you have to set fitsSystemWindows="false" to the coordinator (so it won't apply top padding) and probably to the content itself.

Once you get how it works, it is easy to debug and achieve the effect you are looking for. Actually, it is not. Years pass, but I still spend hours trying to figure out the right fitsSystemWindows combination, because most Views (in the support libraries at least) override the default behavior that I stated above, in ways that are mostly not intuitive. See this post for a small guide on how to use it.


Edit your styles.xml (v21) , add the following style

 <style name="AppTheme.Home" parent="AppTheme.Base">
    <!-- Customize your theme here. -->
    <item name="android:windowTranslucentStatus">true</item>
    <item name="android:windowDrawsSystemBarBackgrounds">true</item>
    <item name="android:windowTranslucentNavigation">true</item>

</style>

You can change parent theme as per your liking, but now declare this theme in your AndroidManifest.xml file for a particular activity like this :

 <activity
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme.Home"
        android:name=".HomeActivity"
        android:launchMode="singleTop"
        android:screenOrientation="portrait" />

This will let your content visible under the transparent actionbar.

Now use the following to align your toolbar below the StatusBar properly, call this in your oncreate:

 toolbar.setPadding(0, getStatusBarHeight(), 0, 0);

Get statusbar height using following :

public int getStatusBarHeight() {
    int result = 0;
    int resourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
    if (resourceId > 0) {
        result = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(resourceId);
    }
    return result;
}

Remove the following from your coordinator layout tags :

    android:fitsSystemWindows="true"

Now in order to collapse your toolbar or hide it you may refer to following tutorial :

http://antonioleiva.com/collapsing-toolbar-layout/

Make sure you are using following version of design support library, as it is bug free :

    compile 'com.android.support:design:23.1.0'

After reading your descriptions about your question, I thought styles of Google Photos matches your requirement.

OK, there are just some tips for your question. After my test, it works.

  • If you want to show content behind status bar, you need add <item name="android:windowTranslucentStatus">true</item> into your style when Android version level is larger than 19(namely KitKat)
  • If you want to show content behind navigation bar, you need add <item name="android:windowTranslucentNavigation">true</item> into your style when Android version level is larger than 19(namely KitKat)
  • If you want to hide Toolbar smoothly when content is scrolled up and to show Toolbar smoothly when content is scrolled down, you need to add app:layout_collapseMode="parallax" into your Toolbar's attributes based on your current codes.Of course, you need coordinate Toolbar with CollapsingToolbarLayout CoordinatorLayout and AppBarLayout.

For me, the reason was not that it did not work per se, but that I use the material drawer library from Mike Penz and this library does use fullscreen + offset + custom background behind the toolbar so I had to solve the problem respecting that special setup...

I'll reward the points to the in my opinion most informative answer though...


as some users said, by setting android:fitsSystemWindows="false", the layout overlapped below statusbar.

I solved it by setting android:fitsSystemWindows="true" and in CoordinatorLayout tag setting app:statusBarBackground="@android:color/transparent".


I had the same issue and my solution was add android:fitsSystemWindows="true" to the DrawerLayout

<android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/drawer_layout"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:fitsSystemWindows="true"> 

....

</android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout>

I had relevant issues depend on android:fitsSystemWindows setting. Once false: Snacks was drawn under the Navigation bar Once true: Status bar had none transparent background

Solution was really simple... Just to add android:layout_marginBottom="48dp". to CoordinatorLayout like that:

just to add <android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout
xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
xmlns:map="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
tools:context=".MapsActivity"
android:id="@+id/coordinatorLayout"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"

android:fitsSystemWindows="false"
android:layout_marginBottom="48dp">

Theoretically Navigation bar should have fixed size "48dp", but in future releases potentially it may change (like Status bar got slimmer by 1dp in Marshmallow), so I wouldn't rely on fixed size. Better additionally get it and apply on run time.

If You are using Google Map like me You may want to know ActionBar/Toolbar size and the navigation bar in run time:

in onCreate use this code:

            final TypedArray styledAttributes = MapsActivity.this.getTheme().obtainStyledAttributes(
                new int[]{android.R.attr.actionBarSize});
        mToolbarHeight = (int) styledAttributes.getDimension(0, 0);
        styledAttributes.recycle();
        // translucent bars code. Will not fire below Lollipop
        // Ask NavigationBar Height
        ViewCompat.setOnApplyWindowInsetsListener(findViewById(R.id.coordinatorLayout),
                new OnApplyWindowInsetsListener() { // setContentView() must be fired already
                    @Override
                    public WindowInsetsCompat onApplyWindowInsets(View v, WindowInsetsCompat insets) {
                        statusBar = insets.getSystemWindowInsetTop(); // You may also need this value
                        mNavBarHeight = insets.getSystemWindowInsetBottom();
                        if (mMap != null)
                            mMap.setPadding(0, mToolbarHeight, 0, mNavBarHeight);
                        // else will be set in onMapReady()
                        SharedPreferences.Editor editor = mSharedPref.edit();
                        editor
                                .putInt(NAVBAR_HEIGHT_KEY, mNavBarHeight)
                                .commit(); // Save the results in flash memory and run the code just once on app first run instead of doing it every run
                        return insets;
                    }
                }
        );

And what's important. If You got some additional layers like drawer etc put them encapsulating the CoordinatorLayout inside rather than outside as otherwise it will make other views inside shorter by the marginBottom


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