Inspecting standard container (std::map) contents with gdb

Supposing to have something like this:

#include <map>
int main(){
    std::map<int,int> m;
    m[1] = 2;
    m[2] = 4;
    return 0;
}

I would like to be able to inspect the contents of the map running the program from gdb. If I try using the subscript operator I get:

(gdb) p m[1]
Attempt to take address of value not located in memory.

Using the find method does not yield better results:

(gdb) p m.find(1)
Cannot evaluate function -- may be inlined

Is there a way to accomplish this?

Answers


I think there isn't, at least not if your source is optimized etc. However, there are some macros for gdb that can inspect STL containers for you:

http://sourceware.org/ml/gdb/2008-02/msg00064.html

However, I don't use this, so YMMV


The existing answers to this question are very out of date. With a recent GCC and GDB it Just WorksTM thanks to the built-in Python support in GDB 7.x and the libstdc++ pretty printers that come with GCC.

For the OP's example I get:

(gdb) print m
$1 = std::map with 2 elements = {[1] = 2, [2] = 4}

If it doesn't work automatically for you see the first bullet point on the STL Support page of the GDB wiki.

You can write Python pretty printers for your own types too, see Pretty Printing in the GDB manual.


There's always the obvious: Define your own test-function... Call it from gdb. E.g.:

#define SHOW(X) cout << # X " = " << (X) << endl

void testPrint( map<int,int> & m, int i )
{
  SHOW( m[i] );
  SHOW( m.find(i)->first );
}

int
main()
{
    std::map<int,int> m;
    m[1] = 2;
    m[2] = 4;
    return 0;  // Line 15.
}

And:

....
Breakpoint 1 at 0x400e08: file foo.C, line 15.
(gdb) run
Starting program: /tmp/z/qD 

Breakpoint 1, main () at qD.C:15
(gdb) call testPrint( m, 2)
m[i] = 4
(*m.find(i)).first = 2
(gdb) 

The stl-views.gdb used to be the best answer there was, but not anymore.

This isn't integrated into the mainline GDB yet, but here is what you get using the 'archer-tromey-python' branch:

(gdb) list
1   #include <map>
2   int main(){
3       std::map<int,int> m;
4       m[1] = 2;
5       m[2] = 4;
6       return 0;
7   }
(gdb) break 6
Breakpoint 1 at 0x8048274: file map.cc, line 6.
(gdb) run

Breakpoint 1, main () at map.cc:6
6       return 0;
(gdb) print m
$1 = std::map with 2 elements = {
  [1] = 2,
  [2] = 4
}
(gdb) quit

Try De-Referencing STL Containers: on this page: http://www.yolinux.com/TUTORIALS/GDB-Commands.html


You can get around the second problem (Cannot evaluate function -- may be inlined) by making sure that your compiler uses DWARF-2 (or 3 or 4) debugging information when you compile your program. DWARF-2 includes inlining information, so you should be able to use either of the methods you described to access elements of your std::map container.

To compile with DWARF-2 debug info, add the -gdwarf-2 flag to your compile command.


The answers above are working and fine. In case you are using stl-views.gdb, here is the proper way of viewing the maps and elements inside it. Let your map is as follows : std::map<char, int> myMap;

(gdb) pmap myMap char int

i.e. pmap <variable_name> <left_element_type> <right_element_type> to see the elements in the map.

Hope that helps.


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