Flexbox: 4 items per row

I'm using a flex box to display 8 items that will dynamically resize with my page. How do I force it to split the items into two rows? (4 per row)?

Here is a relevant snip:

(Or if you prefer jsfiddle - http://jsfiddle.net/vivmaha/oq6prk1p/2/)

.parent-wrapper {
  height: 100%;
  width: 100%;
  border: 1px solid black;
}
.parent {
  display: flex;
  font-size: 0;
  flex-wrap: wrap;
  margin: -10px 0 0 -10px;
}
.child {
  display: inline-block;
  background: blue;
  margin: 10px 0 0 10px;
  flex-grow: 1;
  height: 100px;
}
<body>
  <div class="parent-wrapper">
    <div class="parent">
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
    </div>
  </div>
</body>

Answers


You've got flex-wrap: wrap on the container. That's good, because it overrides the default value, which is nowrap (source). This is the reason items don't wrap to form a grid in some cases.

In this case, the main problem is flex-grow: 1 on the flex items.

The flex-grow property doesn't actually size flex items. Its task is to distribute free space in the container (source). So no matter how small the screen size, each item will receive a proportional part of the free space on the line.

More specifically, there are eight flex items in your container. With flex-grow: 1, each one receives 1/8 of the free space on the line. Since there's no content in your items, they can shrink to zero width and will never wrap.

The solution is to define a width on the items. Try this:

.parent {
  display: flex;
  flex-wrap: wrap;
}

.child {
  flex: 1 0 21%; /* explanation below */
  margin: 5px;
  height: 100px;
  background-color: blue;
}
<div class="parent">
  <div class="child"></div>
  <div class="child"></div>
  <div class="child"></div>
  <div class="child"></div>
  <div class="child"></div>
  <div class="child"></div>
  <div class="child"></div>
  <div class="child"></div>
</div>

Add a width to the .child elements. I personally would use percentages on the margin-left if you want to have it always 4 per row.

DEMO

.child {
    display: inline-block;
    background: blue;
    margin: 10px 0 0 2%;
    flex-grow: 1;
    height: 100px;
    width: calc(100% * (1/4) - 10px - 1px);
}

Here is another apporach.

You can accomplish it in this way too:

.parent{
  display: flex;
  flex-wrap: wrap;
}

.child{
  width: 25%;
  box-sizing: border-box;
}

Sample: https://codepen.io/capynet/pen/WOPBBm

And a more complete sample: https://codepen.io/capynet/pen/JyYaba


<style type="text/css">
.parent{
    display: flex;
    flex-wrap: wrap;
}
.parent .child{
    flex: 1 1 25%;
}
</style>    
<div class="parent">
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
    </div>

Hope it helps. for more detail you can follow this link


I would do it like this using negative margins and calc for the gutters:

.parent {
  display: flex;
  flex-wrap: wrap;
  margin-top: -10px;
  margin-left: -10px;
}

.child {
  width: calc(25% - 10px);
  margin-left: 10px;
  margin-top: 10px;
}

Demo: https://jsfiddle.net/9j2rvom4/


Alternative CSS Grid Method:
.parent {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: repeat(4, 1fr);
  grid-column-gap: 10px;
  grid-row-gap: 10px;
}

Demo: https://jsfiddle.net/jc2utfs3/


.parent-wrapper {
	height: 100%;
	width: 100%;
	border: 1px solid black;
}
	.parent {
	display: flex;
	font-size: 0;
	flex-wrap: wrap;
	margin-right: -10px;
	margin-bottom: -10px;
}
	.child {
	background: blue;
	height: 100px;
	flex-grow: 1;
	flex-shrink: 0;
	flex-basis: calc(25% - 10px);
}
	.child:nth-child(even) {
	margin: 0 10px 10px 10px;
	background-color: lime;
}
	.child:nth-child(odd) {
	background-color: orange; 
}
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
	<meta charset="UTF-8">
	<title>Document</title>
	<style type="text/css">

	</style>
</head>
<body>
  <div class="parent-wrapper">
    <div class="parent">
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
      <div class="child"></div>
    </div>
  </div>
</body>
</html>

I believe this example is more barebones and easier to understand then @dowomenfart.

.child {
    display: inline-block;
    margin: 0 1em;
    flex-grow: 1;
    width: calc(25% - 2em);
}

This accomplishes the same width calculations while cutting straight to the meat. The math is way easier and em is the new standard due to its scalability and mobile-friendliness.


Flex wrap + negative margin

Why flex vs. display: inline-block?

Why negative margin?

Either you use SCSS or CSS-in-JS for the edge cases (i.e. first element in column), or you set a default margin and get rid of the outer margin later.

Implementation

https://codepen.io/zurfyx/pen/BaBWpja

<div class="outerContainer">
    <div class="container">
        <div class="elementContainer">
            <div class="element">
            </div>
        </div>
        ...
    </div>
</div>
:root {
  --columns: 2;
  --betweenColumns: 20px; /* This value is doubled when no margin collapsing */
}

.outerContainer {
    overflow: hidden; /* Hide the negative margin */
}

.container {
    background-color: grey;
    display: flex;
    flex-wrap: wrap;
    margin: calc(-1 * var(--betweenColumns));
}

.elementContainer {
    display: flex; /* To prevent margin collapsing */
    width: calc(1/var(--columns) * 100% - 2 * var(--betweenColumns));
    margin: var(--betweenColumns);
}

.element {
    display: flex;
    border: 1px solid red;
    background-color: yellow;
    width: 100%;
    height: 42px;
}

Here's another way without using calc().

// 4 PER ROW
// 100 divided by 4 is 25. Let's use 21% for width, and the remainder 4% for left & right margins...
.child {
  margin: 0 2% 0 2%;
  width: 21%;
}

// 3 PER ROW
// 100 divided by 3 is 33.3333... Let's use 30% for width, and remaining 3.3333% for sides (hint: 3.3333 / 2 = 1.66666)
.child {
  margin: 0 1.66666% 0 1.66666%;
  width: 30%;
}

// and so on!

That's all there is to it. You can get fancy with the dimensions to get a more aesthetic sizes but this is the idea.


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